Our Turkish Kilim rugs are largely admired throughout the globe, and the reason is they carry a history behind those threads. We have carried our Turkish art love to the United States just as the way it was back in Turkey. All the designs have religious or traditional meanings that have been passed as an heirloom from one generation to another. However, it requires a lot of weaving expertise to create these designs while maintaining the structural integrity. That is what our team has got expertise in. In this article, we are going to tell you about some of the common Kilim weaving techniques.
1. Handmade Pile Rug
In the handmade rugs, the flat weave technique is used in which knotting is done on wraps. The knots are then cut down before moving forward to the next; thereby creating a pile effect that also has a rug pattern. Once a row of knots is made, wefts are then carried and put into the desired stiffness.
The following two types of knots are used in the handmade Kilim rugs
Symmetrical Knots. These are also known as double knots or Gordes that is done by circling the yarn between two wraps. After looping, the yarn is put tightly in between the two, forming a sturdy rug.
Asymmetrical Knots. These are also known as single knots or Sehna that is done by wrapping one side of the yarn over a single wrap. When one end of the yarn is looped over, the second end is taken freely beside the neighboring wrap, before the final cutting. These knots are highly preferred in high-resolution designs.
2. Slitweave or Slit Tapestry
The geometric and diagonal designs of our vintage rugs are made through this weaving technique. The word “slit” in the name is given to the whole or a gap between two blocks. The technique involves moving the weft in opposite directions around the last warp in the colored area. Then, the neighboring warp is returned back around the weft. The knitters tightly cover the warps that highly favor the diagonal and geometrical patterns.
They ensure that one colored block is completed before moving onto the next; thereby producing vibrant and sharp patterns. It gives the weavers a sense of freedom they cannot enjoy in the plain weave pattern.
3. Twofold Interlocking or Dove-Tailing
Even though the slit weave technique produced amazing patterns, it was hard to weave and it produced a number of problems. During finding the solutions, the Dovetailing technique was introduced in the Middle East.
Dove-tailing is also known as single interlock weave or shared warp. It involves wefts belonging to two separate color blocks that return back in the opposite direction around the warp that serves as their boundary. The double interlocking technique enables wefts from neighboring color blocks to interlock with each other. Due to the combination of both techniques, the color contrast formed due to slit weave is lost; thereby causing blurred patterns. However, these techniques are used in creating sturdy joints between the blocks of vertical colors.
4. Filikli Tulu or Tulu
The name has been derived from a Turkish word means “hairy.” This technique uses mohair silky yarn that is made out of Angora goat hairs. The rugs made out of this pattern provide warmth in winter and are extremely comfortable. The technique involves the use of additional wefts that are made out of loosely spun yard knotted in the plain weave pattern with the Turkish knots, resulting in clumps of soft wool.