Kilim rugs are a Turkish gift to the whole world. However, the original samples were found in the Central Asia that was once a home of Turks. The samples discovered from that region several decades ago revealed some useful information about the thread and the bearing of these rugs. It was due to that important discovery, we are now able to brief about the exclusive motifs of the Turkish kilim rugs.
In this blog, we will be informing you about the motifs and patterns used in kilim rugs. It’s pretty surprising to know the designs and motifs are still the same as they were several decades ago when these rugs were only introduced.
A Brief History of Kilim Rugs
Before moving on to motifs, let’s see how Turks started making kilim rugs and how it became an important art today.
These handmade rugs are an antique art for us; However, the Turks made them out of their necessity back then. The Central Asian region, where they used to live was too cold to bear; therefore, they made rugs out of lamb’s wool commonly found in that region. After some time, they took it as an art and carried them while traveling and introduced everywhere they went. This is how the making of these eye-catching rugs started and has now become a separate industry of handmade art.
Motifs of Kilim Rugs
Unlike today, rugs and carpets spoke a psychological language in the past. They weren’t just made to fulfill the needs of the people, but aimed to bring serene psychological effects by adding religious and ritual colors. It reflected culture and religion as well as artist’s mind in several ways. They carried traditional messages that could be seen evidently.
Below are some of the common motifs of kilim rugs. Have a look!
1. Evil Eye and Amulet
You must have heard about evil eyes that have the power to cause harm and misfortune. The term “Muska” is believed to have religious and magical powers to cure the effects of evil eyes and protects the carrier from harmful external factors.
Both the good luck and bad luck birds are used as the Turkish kilim motifs. Some birds such as raven and owls fall in the latter category; however, the birds like nightingale, dove, and pigeons are symbolized as good luck. Birds in kilim patterns reflect harmony and joy and also show a sign or strength and power.
It is a plant that has an ability to stick to hairy animals and human clothes. It is considered as a cure to the effects of evil eyes. The term “burdock” itself means full of flowers and it is the most commonly used motif in kilim rugs.
This motif reflects girls’ trousseau chest. It shows the hopes and desires of a young girl that are reflected on the designs and embroidery of the rugs.
Some kilim rugs go beyond the flowery patterns and follow funky designs. Dragons are the winged creatures with legs of a lion and the tail of a snake. It is considered as a guide to find hidden treasures and the rugs that use dragon patterns to add electrifying effects in the room it is placed.
Eagle pattern is kept separated from birds’ category because of the power, charm, and mightiness it reflects. You can find reflections of traditional religious patterns in the rugs that follow eagle motif patterns.
The above mentioned are some of the commonly used motifs. However, other patterns are also used in Turkish kilim rugs such as earrings, fertility, fetter, hand, finger and comb, hand on hips, hair band, etc. All the motifs are handmade and are equally charming and beautiful